Teen Parents
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Teen Parents


Revised June 16, 2014



Purpose: This section provides information that is specific to teen parent eligibility for TANF, SFA, and PWA cash assistance. These policies do not apply to medical or food assistance programs.

WAC 388-486-0005Unmarried pregnant or parenting minors - Required living arrangement
WAC 388-486-0010Unmarried pregnant or parenting minors - Required school attendance

WAC 388-486-0005

WAC 388-486-0005

Effective June 1, 2012

WAC 388-486-0005 Unmarried pregnant or parenting minors - Required living arrangement

  1. This rule affects only the minor's eligibility for cash assistance. It does not affect the eligibility of the minor parent's child for a cash grant.
  2. The following definitions apply to terms used in this section: 

    1. "Unmarried" means a person who has never been married or whose marriage has been annulled. It does not include a person who has been divorced or widowed.

    2. "Minor" means a person younger than 18 years of age.

    3. "Legal guardian" means a court-appointed legal guardian or court-appointed permanent custodian.

    4. "Relative" is a person who is related to the pregnant or parenting minor as defined under RCW 74.15.020(4).

  3. An unmarried pregnant or parenting minor is not eligible for TANF, SFA ,or PWA  unless the person:

    1. Has been emancipated by a court; or

    2. Lives in a home approved by the department and has a protective payee.

  4. The home of a minor's parent, legal guardian, or adult relative may be approved unless:

    1. The minor has no living parent, legal guardian, or adult relative that can be located or those persons do not want the minor to live with them;

    2. The minor or the minor's child is being or has been seriously harmed either physically, emotionally or sexually in the home of the parent, legal guardian, or adult relative;

    3. Substantial evidence exists of an act or failure to act by the parent, legal guardian, or adult relative that presents imminent or serious harm to the minor or the minor's child if they lived there; or

    4. The department determines that it is in the best interest of the minor or the minor's child to waive the requirement of living in the home of a parent, legal guardian, or adult relative.

  5. If the home of a minor's parent, legal guardian, or adult relative is not available or suitable, one of the following alternatives may be approved:

    1. A facility or home licensed under RCW 74.15 that provides a supportive and supervised living arrangement requiring residents to learn parenting skills;

    2. A maternity home;

    3. Other adult-supervised living arrangement; or

    4. The minor's current or proposed living arrangement, if the department determines it is appropriate.

  6. A home that includes the other natural parent of the minor's child or unborn child is never approved if:

    1. The minor is under age sixteen; and

    2. The other parent is eighteen or older and meets the age criteria for rape of a child as set forth in RCW 9A.44.073, 9A.44.076, and 9A.44.079.

  7. The income of a minor parent found ineligible under this section is treated according to WAC WAC 388-450-0100 and WAC 388-450-0115 when determining the eligibility and benefit level of the minor parent's child.

This is a reprint of the official rule as published by the Office of the Code Reviser. If there are previous versions of this rule, they can be found using the Legislative Search page.

CLARIFYING INFORMATION

*** As a result of implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), this clarifying page may no longer be effective for medical coverage applications received on or after 10/01/2013. Please see the ACA Transition Plan for more information. Clients who need to apply for medical coverage on or after 10/01/2013 should be referred to Washington Healthplanfinder. ***

  1. If the Department determines that an unmarried minor parent is residing in an inappropriate living arrangement with the adult parent of the minor parent's child, neither the minor parent nor the adult parent is eligible for TANF benefits. Only the minor parent's child is eligible in such cases (see ASSISTANCE UNITS).

  2. The policies in this category apply to both male and female minor parents.

  3. If the participant is a tribal member, the WorkFirst Social Service Specialist contacts and consults with the tribal government regarding the appropriateness of the teen parent living arrangements. The tribal recommendation should be adopted unless there is substantial reason to determine otherwise. 


WORKER RESPONSIBILITIES

  1. If the unmarried pregnant or parenting minor is residing with their parent, a teen living assessment is not required. For all other living arrangements, refer to Social Services for a teen living assessment before authorizing TANF benefits for the minor.

  2. Establish a protective payee for all eligible assistance units following local office procedures.

  3. If the minor resides in an inappropriate living arrangement, deny cash assistance to the minor and the adult father of the minor's child if he resides in the home. Authorize TANF for the child or children living in the home if otherwise eligible.

  4. See INCOME  for allocation rules if a minor parent is denied or terminated under this policy.


WAC 388-486-0010

WAC 388-486-0010

Effective September 1, 1998

WAC 388-486-0010 Unmarried pregnant or parenting minors - Required school attendance

  1. This rule affects only the minor's eligibility for cash assistance. It does not affect the eligibility of the minor parent's child for a cash grant. 

  2. To be eligible for TANF or SFA, an unmarried pregnant or parenting minor who has not completed high school or a general education development (GED) certificate program must participate in educational activities leading to the attainment of a high school diploma or GED.

  3. The minor must meet the standard for satisfactory attendance set by the school or program in which the minor is enrolled.

  4. An unmarried minor is exempt from this rule if the minor has:

    1. Been emancipated by a court; or

    2. A child who is less than twelve weeks old.

  5. The income of a minor parent found ineligible under this section is treated according to WAC 388-450-0100 and WAC 388-450-0115 when determining the eligibility and benefit level of the minor parent's child.

This is a reprint of the official rule as published by the Office of the Code Reviser. If there are previous versions of this rule, they can be found using the Legislative Search page.

CLARIFYING INFORMATION

Educational activities include standard or alternative public school programs, state-accredited private schools, home schooling, GED programs, or any training program that contains an educational component that would lead to a high school diploma or GED. There is no requirement as to the number of hours a client must participate, but a minor must maintain satisfactory attendance as determined by the school or program in order to be considered "participating" for the purpose of this policy.


WORKER RESPONSIBILITIES

  1. Verify high school completion or school attendance at application or eligibility review.

  2. If it is unclear whether the client is participating in an acceptable education program, refer the client to Social Services.

  3. Students who are unable to attend school for 4-18 weeks due to health conditions may continue to participate in school through the Home/Hospital Instruction program.

  4. Deny or terminate the TANF benefits for the minor only, if that individual is not participating. Do not deny or terminate the TANF benefits of the minor's child.

  5. See INCOME for allocation rules if a minor parent is denied or terminated under this policy.

Modification Date: June 16, 2014